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Article 16
[Infringing Copies: 1. Seizure; 2. Seizure on importation; 3. Applicable law] 
(1) Infringing copies of a work shall be liable to seizure in any country of the Union where the work enjoys legal protection. 
(2) The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall also apply to reproductions coming from a country where the work is not protected, or has ceased to be protected. 
(3) The seizure shall take place in accordance with the legislation of each country. 
Article 17
[Possibility of Control of Circulation, Presentation and Exhibition of Works] 
The provisions of this Convention cannot in any way affect the right of the Government of each country of the Union to permit, to control, or to prohibit, by legislation or regulation, the circulation, presentation, or exhibition of any work or production in regard to which the competent authority may find it necessary to exercise that right. 
Article 18
[Works Existing on Convention's Entry Into Force: 1. Protectable where protection not yet expired in country of origin; 2. Non-protectable where protection already expired in country where it is claimed; 3. Application of these principles; 4. Special cases] 
(1) This Convention shall apply to all works which, at the moment of its coming into force, have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin through the expiry of the term of protection. 
(2) If, however, through the expiry of the term of protection which was previously granted, a work has fallen into the public domain of the country where protection is claimed, that work shall not be protected anew. 
(3) The application of this principle shall be subject to any provisions contained in special conventions to that effect existing or to be concluded between countries of the Union. In the absence of such provisions, the respective countries shall determine, each in so far as it is concerned, the conditions of application of this principle. 
(4) The preceding provisions shall also apply in the case of new accessions to the Union and to cases in which protection is extended by the application of Article 7 or by the abandonment of reservations. 
Article 19
[Protection Greater than Resulting from Convention] 
The provisions of this Convention shall not preclude the making of a claim to the benefit of any greater protection which may be granted by legislation in a country of the Union. 
Article 20
[Special Agreements Among Countries of the Union] 
The Governments of the countries of the Union reserve the right to enter into special agreements among themselves, in so far as such agreements grant to authors more extensive rights than those granted by the Convention, or contain other provisions not contrary to this Convention. The provisions of existing agreements which satisfy these conditions shall remain applicable. 
Article 21
[Special Provisions Regarding Developing Countries: 1. Reference to Appendix; 2. Appendix part of Act] 
(1) Special provisions regarding developing countries are included in the Appendix. 
(2) Subject to the provisions of Article 28(1)(b), the Appendix forms an integral part of this Act. 
Article 22
[Assembly: 1. Constitution and composition; 2. Tasks; 3. Quorum, voting, observers; 4. Convocation; 5. Rules of procedure] 
(1) 
(a) The Union shall have an Assembly consisting of those countries of the Union which are bound by Article 22 to Article 26. 
(b) The Government of each country shall be represented by one delegate, who may be assisted by alternate delegates, advisors, and experts. 
(c) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it. 
(2) 
(a) The Assembly shall: 
(i)
deal with all matters concerning the maintenance and development of the Union and the implementation of this Convention; 
(ii)
give directions concerning the preparation for conferences of revision to the International Bureau of Intellectual Property (hereinafter designated as "the International Bureau") referred to in the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (hereinafter designated as "the Organization"), due account being taken of any comments made by those countries of the Union which are not bound by Article 22 to Article 26; 
(iii)
review and approve the reports and activities of the Director General of the Organization concerning the Union, and give him all necessary instructions concerning matters within the competence of the Union; 
(iv)
elect the members of the Executive Committee of the Assembly; 
(v)
review and approve the reports and activities of its Executive Committee, and give instructions to such Committee; 
(vi)
determine the program and adopt the biennial budget of the Union, and approve its final accounts; 
(vii)
adopt the financial regulations of the Union; 
(viii)
establish such committees of experts and working groups as may be necessary for the work of the Union; 
(ix)
determine which countries not members of the Union and which intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations shall be admitted to its meetings as observers; 
(x)
adopt amendments to Article 22 to Article 26; 
(xi)
take any other appropriate action designed to further the objectives of the Union; 
(xii)
exercise such other functions as are appropriate under this Convention; 
(xiii)
subject to its acceptance, exercise such rights as are given to it in the Convention establishing the Organization. 
(b) With respect to matters which are of interest also to other Unions administered by the Organization, the Assembly shall make its decisions after having heard the advice of the Coordination Committee of the Organization. 
(3) 
(a) Each country member of the Assembly shall have one vote. 
(b) One-half of the countries members of the Assembly shall constitute a quorum. 
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (b), if, in any session, the number of countries represented is less than one-half but equal to or more than one-third of the countries members of the Assembly, the Assembly may make decisions but, with the exception of decisions concerning its own procedure, all such decisions shall take effect only if the following conditions are fulfilled. The International Bureau shall communicate the said decisions to the countries members of the Assembly which were not represented and shall invite them to express in writing their vote or abstention within a period of three months from the date of the communication. If, at the expiration of this period, the number of countries having thus expressed their vote or abstention attains the number of countries which was lacking for attaining the quorum in the session itself, such decisions shall take effect provided that at the same time the required majority still obtains. 
(d) Subject to the provisions of Article 26(2), the decisions of the Assembly shall require two-thirds of the votes cast. 
(e) Abstentions shall not be considered as votes. 
(f) A delegate may represent, and vote in the name of, one country only. 
(g) Countries of the Union not members of the Assembly shall be admitted to its meetings as observers. 
(4) 
(a) The Assembly shall meet once in every second calendar year in ordinary session upon convocation by the Director General and, in the absence of exceptional circumstances, during the same period and at the same place as the General Assembly of the Organization. 
(b) The Assembly shall meet in extraordinary session upon convocation by the Director General, at the request of the Executive Committee or at the request of one-fourth of the countries members of the Assembly. 
(5) The Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure. 
Article 23
[Executive Committee: 1. Constitution; 2. Composition; 3. Number of members; 4. Geographical distribution; special agreements; 5. Term, limits of re-eligibility, rules of election; 6. Tasks; 7. Convocation; 8. Quorum, voting; 9. Observers; 10. Rules of procedure] 
(1) The Assembly shall have an Executive Committee. 
(2) 
(a) The Executive Committee shall consist of countries elected by the Assembly from among countries members of the Assembly. Furthermore, the country on whose territory the Organization has its headquarters shall, subject to the provisions of Article 25(7)(b), have an ex officio seat on the Committee. 
(b) The Government of each country member of the Executive Committee shall be represented by one delegate, who may be assisted by alternate delegates, advisors, and experts. 
(c) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it. 
(3) The number of countries members of the Executive Committee shall correspond to one-fourth of the number of countries members of the Assembly. In establishing the number of seats to be filled, remainders after division by four shall be disregarded. 
(4) In electing the members of the Executive Committee, the Assembly shall have due regard to an equitable geographical distribution and to the need for countries party to the Special Agreements which might be established in relation with the Union to be among the countries constituting the Executive Committee. 
(5) 
(a) Each member of the Executive Committee shall serve from the close of the session of the Assembly which elected it to the close of the next ordinary session of the Assembly. 
(b) Members of the Executive Committee may be re-elected, but not more than two-thirds of them. 
(c) The Assembly shall establish the details of the rules governing the election and possible re-election of the members of the Executive Committee. 
(6) 
(a) The Executive Committee shall: 
(i)
repare the draft agenda of the Assembly; 
(ii)
submit proposals to the Assembly respecting the draft program and biennial budget of the Union prepared by the Director General; 
(iii)
[deleted] 
(iv)
submit, with appropriate comments, to the Assembly the periodical reports of the Director General and the yearly audit reports on the accounts; 
(v)
in accordance with the decisions of the Assembly and having regard to circumstances arising between two ordinary sessions of the Assembly, take all necessary measures to ensure the execution of the program of the Union by the Director General; 
(vi)
perform such other functions as are allocated to it under this Convention. 
(b) With respect to matters which are of interest also to other Unions administered by the Organization, the Executive Committee shall make its decisions after having heard the advice of the Coordination Committee of the Organization. 
(7) 
(a) The Executive Committee shall meet once a year in ordinary session upon convocation by the Director General, preferably during the same period and at the same place as the Coordination Committee of the Organization. 
(b) The Executive Committee shall meet in extraordinary session upon convocation by the Director General, either on his own initiative, or at the request of its Chairman or one-fourth of its members. 
(8) 
(a) Each country member of the Executive Committee shall have one vote. 
(b) One-half of the members of the Executive Committee shall constitute a quorum. 
(c) Decisions shall be made by a simple majority of the votes cast. 
(d) Abstentions shall not be considered as votes. 
(e) A delegate may represent, and vote in the name of, one country only. 
(9) Countries of the Union not members of the Executive Committee shall be admitted to its meetings as observers. 
(10) The Executive Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure.