Make your own free website on Tripod.com
 
Convention 
Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization 
Signed at Stockholm on July 14, 1967 
and as amended on September 28, 1979 
World Intellectual Property Organization 
GENEVA, 1993 
Bibliographic data
34E
Organization: WIPO
Short title: WIPO Convention
Subject matter: GEN
Text Identifier: WO-WIP
WIPO Publication N° 250 (E)
WDN: 3627p 
The Contracting Parties, 
Desiring to contribute to better understanding and cooperation among States for their mutual benefit on the basis of respect for their sovereignty and equality, 
Desiring, in order to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world, 
Desiring to modernize and render more efficient the administration of the Unions established in the fields of the protection of industrial property and the protection of literary and artistic works, while fully respecting the independence of each of the Unions, 
Agree as follows: 
Article 1
Establishment of the Organization 
The World Intellectual Property Organization is hereby established. 
Article 2
Definitions 
For the purposes of this Convention: 
(i)
"Organization" shall mean the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); 
(ii)
"International Bureau" shall mean the International Bureau of Intellectual Property; 
(iii)
"Paris Convention" shall mean the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property signed on March 20, 1883, including any of its revisions; 
(iv)
"Berne Convention" shall mean the Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works signed on September 9, 1886, including any of its revisions; 
(v)
"Paris Union" shall mean the International Union established by the Paris Convention; 
(vi)
"Berne Union" shall mean the International Union established by the Berne Convention; 
(vii)
"Unions" shall mean the Paris Union, the Special Unions and Agreements established in relation with that Union, the Berne Union, and any other international agreement designed to promote the protection of intellectual property whose administration is assumed by the Organization according to Article 4(iii); 
(viii)
"intellectual property" shall include the rights relating to: 
- literary, artistic and scientific works, 
- performances of performing artists, phonograms, and broadcasts, 
- inventions in all fields of human endeavor, 
- scientific discoveries, 
- industrial designs, 
- trademarks, service marks, and commercial names and designations, 
- protection against unfair competition, 
and all other rights resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields. 
Article 3
Objectives of the Organization 
The objectives of the Organization are: 
(i)
to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world through cooperation among States and, where appropriate, in collaboration with any other international organization, 
(ii)
to ensure administrative cooperation among the Unions. 
Article 4
Functions 
In order to attain the objectives described in Article 3, the Organization, through its appropriate organs, and subject to the competence of each of the Unions: 
(i)
shall promote the development of measures designed to facilitate the efficient protection of intellectual property throughout the world and to harmonize national legislation in this field; 
(ii)
shall perform the administrative tasks of the Paris Union, the Special Unions established in relation with that Union, and the Berne Union; 
(iii)
may agree to assume, or participate in, the administration of any other international agreement designed to promote the protection of intellectual property; 
(iv)
shall encourage the conclusion of international agreements designed to promote the protection of intellectual property; 
(v)
shall offer its cooperation to States requesting legal-technical assistance in the field of intellectual property; 
(vi)
shall assemble and disseminate information concerning the protection of intellectual property, carry out and promote studies in this field, and publish the results of such studies; 
(vii)
shall maintain services facilitating the international protection of intellectual property and, where appropriate, provide for registration in this field and the publication of the data concerning the registrations; 
(viii)
shall take all other appropriate action. 
Article 5
Membership 
(1) Membership in the Organization shall be open to any State which is a member of any of the Unions as defined in Article 2(vii). 
(2) Membership in the Organization shall be equally open to any State not a member of any of the Unions, provided that: 
(i)
it is a member of the United Nations, any of the Specialized Agencies brought into relationship with the United Nations, or the International Atomic Energy Agency, or is a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice, or 
(ii)
it is invited by the General Assembly to become a party to this Convention. 
Article 6
General Assembly 
(1) 
(a) There shall be a General Assembly consisting of the States party to this Convention which are members of any of the Unions. 
(b) The Government of each State shall be represented by one delegate, who may be assisted by alternate delegates, advisors, and experts. 
(c) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it. 
(2) The General Assembly shall: 
(i)
appoint the Director General upon nomination by the Coordination Committee; 
(ii)
review and approve reports of the Director General concerning the Organization and give him all necessary instructions; 
(iii)
review and approve the reports and activities of the Coordination Committee and give instructions to such Committee; 
(iv)
adopt the biennial budget of expenses common to the Unions; 
(v)
approve the measures proposed by the Director General concerning the administration of the international agreements referred to in Article 4(iii); 
(vi)
adopt the financial regulations of the Organization; 
(vii)
determine the working languages of the Secretariat, taking into consideration the practice of the United Nations; 
(viii)
invite States referred to under Article 5(2)(ii) to become party to this Convention; 
(ix)
determine which States not Members of the Organization and which intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations shall be admitted to its meetings as observers; 
(x)
exercise such other functions as are appropriate under this Convention. 
(3) 
(a) Each State, whether member of one or more Unions, shall have one vote in the General Assembly. 
(b) One-half of the States members of the General Assembly shall constitute a quorum. 
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (b), if, in any session, the number of States represented is less than one-half but equal to or more than one-third of the States members of the General Assembly, the General Assembly may make decisions but, with the exception of decisions concerning its own procedure, all such decisions shall take effect only if the following conditions are fulfilled. The International Bureau shall communicate the said decisions to the States members of the General Assembly which were not represented and shall invite them to express in writing their vote or abstention within a period of three months from the date of the communication. If, at the expiration of this period, the number of States having thus expressed their vote or abstention attains the number of States which was lacking for attaining the quorum in the session itself, such decisions shall take effect provided that at the same time the required majority still obtains. 
(d) Subject to the provisions of subparagraphs (e) and (f), the General Assembly shall make its decisions by a majority of two-thirds of the votes cast. 
(e) The approval of measures concerning the administration of international agreements referred to in Article 4(iii) shall require a majority of three-fourths of the votes cast. 
(f) The approval of an agreement with the United Nations under Articles 57 and 63 of the Charter of the United Nations shall require a majority of nine-tenths of the votes cast. 
(g) For the appointment of the Director General (paragraph (2)(i)), the approval of measures proposed by the Director General concerning the administration of international agreements (paragraph (2)(v)), and the transfer of headquarters (Article 10), the required majority must be attained not only in the General Assembly but also in the Assembly of the Paris Union and the Assembly of the Berne Union. 
(h) Abstentions shall not be considered as votes. 
(i) A delegate may represent, and vote in the name of, one State only. 
(4) 
(a) The General Assembly shall meet once in every second calendar year in ordinary session, upon convocation by the Director General. 
(b) The General Assembly shall meet in extraordinary session upon convocation by the Director General either at the request of the Coordination Committee or at the request of one-fourth of the States members of the General Assembly. 
(c) Meetings shall be held at the headquarters of the Organization. 
(5) States party to this Convention which are not members of any of the Unions shall be admitted to the meetings of the General Assembly as observers. 
(6) The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure.